The East African Mountain Forest is a tropical humid mountain forest belonging to East Africa. The area consists of mountains located more than one kilometer above sea level in the four regions of South Sudan, Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania. The East African mountain forest covers an area of ??65,500 square kilometers, including 25 separate areas, each with an area ranging from 113 to 23,700 square kilometers.
The mountain forests of East Africa start from Mount Kente in South Sudan and cross the Mount Moroto in Uganda and the Mount Elgon in the border between Kenya and Uganda. In Kenya and Tanzania, mountain forests in East Africa extend along the mountains and volcanoes around the Great Rift Valley from east to west, including the Aberdare Mountains, Mount Kenya, Kula Mountains, Mount Neru, and the Serpentine Xiahui Rocks in Kenya. Kilimanjaro, Merlu, Ngorongoro Nature Reserve and the paralyzed forests of northern Tanzania. The mountain forests in East Africa are mainly composed of mountain forests, prairies and the highest peaks of the mountains in East Africa. Due to the rapid growth of the African population and the development and destruction of forests and grasslands, the sites that promote the survival of wild animals have shrunk, the environment has deteriorated, and the natural mortality rate of elephants has also increased rapidly. Under normal circumstances, African elephants can live for 60-70 years, but because of ivory, countless African elephants have been killed. The highest recorded ivory weight is 102.7 kg. In order to protect endangered elephants, African elephants are listed as endangered species by the American Endangered Species Act and the World Conservation Union. Among them, the African grassland elephants are the national animals of Côte d’Ivoire and Mozambique. In the south-east of Africa, mixed deciduous-coniferous forests are common, on the windward slopes of the Atlas are evergreen hardwood forests (mainly from cork oak). As a result of the primitive slash-and-burn system of agriculture, information of forests and grazing, the natural vegetation cover has been severely disrupted. Most of the savannas of Africa originated on the site of reduced forests, woodlands and shrubs, representing a natural transition from moist evergreen forests to deserts .
On damp western slopes in the call belt and in deep valleys with good moistening, dense evergreen tropical forests grow, in species composition and structure close to equatorial. The watershed plateaus are occupied by savannahs. On dry leeward slopes dominate the thickets of thorny bushes and xerophytic light forests. In the war-degas belt, forests from cedars and yew trees once dominated, which were largely cut down. Better preserved thickets of tree-like juniper and woodlands of deciduous – wild olives and fig trees. The main part of the belt is currently occupied by mountain savannah with candelabra-shaped milks, umbrella acacia, giant sycamore and a rich herbaceous grass cover. In the lower part of the girdle belt, coniferous forests grow from junipers, sub-carps, etc. The mountain meadows prevail above – cereals with groves of a tree of a cousin and separate tree-like junipers. Even higher there are thickets of giant St. John’s worts, tree-like heathers, a community of xerophytic shrub grasses. The uppermost parts of the mountains are covered with stony placers, which in winter are covered with snow. In the Afar hollow and on the coasts of the Red Sea, the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, semidesert and desert vegetation is developed. On the inner plateaus of the Somali peninsula, the landscapes of desert savannahs dominate. The Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean have semi-desert and desert vegetation. On the inner plateaus of the Somali peninsula, the landscapes of desert savannahs dominate. The Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean have semi-desert and desert vegetation. On the inner plateaus of the Somali peninsula, the landscapes of desert savannahs dominate.
Fauna is common for savannahs and tropical forests in Africa, including mountainous.
In the belt-warfare, there are monkeys that do not tolerate constant heat-hamadry, Gverec, and Gelad. The fauna of the region has a relatively high degree of conservation even outside protected areas. So, in the forests of the lower belt of mountains live elephants, and this is one of the few places where they live not in reservations.
The Ethiopian Highlands have considerable agroclimatic and land resources. Its territory as a whole receives a sufficient amount of rainfall for agriculture. Especially favorable conditions for the cultivation of valuable crops and for people’s lives in the war-degas belt with its relatively cool constantly moist climate and fertile dark red and chernozemlike soils.