Studies regarding cannabis addiction
• Dharmender Kumar Nehra and Vibha Sharma, 2012, July, Emotional intelligence and self esteem in cannabis abusers: This study was taken up to investigate emotional intelligence and self esteem in cannabis abusers. Cross sectional hospital based study, Study is based on a sample of 200 individuals. 100 Cannabis dependent, diagnosed based on DSM-IV TR was selected from two different hospitals in north India. 100 healthy matched subjects constituted the control group. Assessment was done using MINI, General Health Questionnaire, Indian Adaptation of Emotional Intelligence Scale and Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale. Significant differences were seen in Emotional Intelligence between the Cannabis dependent group and normal control group. The cannabis dependent groups scored significantly low on emotional intelligence in comparison with control group. Further, cannabis dependent group scored significantly lower on score of self esteem than the normal control group. Relationship between emotional intelligence and self esteem was found to be positively correlated. Our study suggests an association between low emotional intelligence, low self esteem and cannabis dependence and the prevention and treatment of cannabis dependence should lay focus on these factors.
• Aroa Ruiz Martínez, 20th May, 2016, study of emotional intelligence as a risk factor for cannabis use and disruptive behaviour: According to the 2015 European Drug Report (European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, 2015), cannabis is the most consumed drug of abuse among all age groups. According to this, and in order to find new explanatory ways to cannabis abuse and dependence, the aim of the present research is to examine the connection between cannabis use, emotional intelligence and disruptive behaviour in order to assess if emotional intelligence correlates with cannabis use and disruptive behaviour.
In order to answer this question, a survey including the Trait Meta-Mood Scale – MTTS-24 (Salovey et al., 1995), the Adolescent Cannabis Problems Questionnaire – CPQ-A (Copeland, Gilmour, Gates and Swift, 2005), the Cannabis Abuse Screening Test – CAST (Legleye, Karila, Beck and Reynaud, 2007) and the Self- Reported Delinquency Scale – SRD (Luengo et al., 1999) has been done. The principal results give light to a trend of negative relationship between Emotional Intelligence and drug use for all Emotional Intelligence scales but for the emotional reparation one, where the relationship turns to be positive. Regarding to the relationship between drug use and anti-normative behaviour, the present study confirms that there exists a positive correlation between anti-normative conduct and cannabis use, but only in those who have a dependence relationship with cannabis, while it has no explanatory weight when we refer to consumption to without dependence. The most explanatory variable in this case turns to be the age of onset of cannabis intake.
• (Claros & Sharma, 2012) found that, EI scores were significant predictors of alcohol and marijuana use among college students
• Bernadette Kun and Zsolt Demetrovics, 2010, Emotional Intelligence and Addictions: Since the millennium, an expanding number of research articles have examined then relationship between emotional intelligence (EI) and physical and mental health. The relationship between EI and addictive disorders has, however, remained relatively well hidden. Therefore it has been systematically reviewed and critically evaluated the literature on this relationship. We identified 51 articles on the topic of which 36 fulfilled our inclusion criteria. Results indicate that a lower level of EI is associated with more intensive smoking, alcohol use, and illicit drug use and two components of EI play a key role in addictions: “decoding and differentiation of emotions” and “regulation of emotions.”
• Claros, Edith; Sharma, Manoj, 2012, The Relationship between Emotional
Intelligence and Abuse of Alcohol, Marijuana, and Tobacco among College
Students: This study examined the relationship between emotional intelligence (El), alcohol, marijuana, and tobacco use. A correlation analysis was used to explore the relationship between El and the use of alcohol, marijuana, and tobacco among college students (n = 199). El abilities (perception, utilization, understanding, and regulation of emotions) were measured in college students who completed the valid and reliable Schutte Self Report Inventory (SSRI), the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), the Fagerstram Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND), and the Marijuana Screening Inventory (MSI). The results demonstrated that El constructs (Perception, Utilization, Regulation, and Management of Emotion) scores were significant predictors of alcohol and marijuana use. An association between the El and cigarette smoking was not supported by this study.
• Madhuri, 2013, A comparative study of emotional intelligence & personality of alcoholics & drug addicts and non-alcoholics & non-drug addicts: Background: Addiction is a health, cultural, economic and social issues for the future development of any country and also endangers the socio-economic and political status of countries. Besides, its impacts on mental and physical health of the addicted individuals. Addiction not only changes the personality of addicts, it also impacts the Emotional Intelligence (EI) level of addicts. The aim of the current research is to compare, examine and measure the Emotional Intelligence (EI)level of alcoholics & drug addicts with non-alcoholics & non-drug addicts. It also tries to find personality of both categories i.e. alcoholics & drug addicts and non-alcoholics & non-drug addicts. For the current study, five main hypotheses have been formulated (1) Emotional Intelligence (EI)of drug addicts & alcoholics would be significantly lower than that of non alcoholics &non drug addicts. (2) The alcoholics & drug addicts would score high on Neuroticism as compared to the non alcoholics &non drug addicts. (3) The alcoholics & drug addicts would score low on Extraversion as compared to the non alcoholics &non drug addicts. (4) The alcoholics & drug addicts would score high on Psychoticism as compared to the non alcoholics &non drug addicts. (5) The personality development would be better in non addicts than addicts.
Method: In the current study, two scales have been used to measure the EI level and personality of alcoholics & drug addicts and non alcoholics &non drug addicts, (1) Mangal Emotional Intelligence Inventory (MEII)& (2) Eysenck Personality Questionnaire – Revised (EPQ-R). For the statistical analysis, 2×2 Factorial ANOVA II technique and the t-test have been used. Fifty samples for each category i.e. drug addicts, alcoholics, non-alcoholics andnon drug addicts have been considered. Total of 200 samples has been considered.
Results: The average score for emotional intelligence is found to be significantly lower in addicts as compared to non-addicts. Significant variation has been found between the Neuroticism score of addicts and non-addicts. Average Neuroticism score is significantly higher in addicts than that of non-addicts. Average Extraversion score is found to be significantly higher in non addicts as compared to addicts. Average Psychoticism score is found to be significantly higher in the addicts as compared to non-addicts. Further, the personality developments are better in non addicts than that of in addicts.
Discussion: These findings have multiple and important theoretical and therapeutic implications for addicts. And it will also help in understanding the type of personality of addicts and non-addicts. This brings us back to the question on importance of coping strategies, psycho-education and medical treatment. On the basis of findings, it is needless to say that this might be a positive effect on psycho-education and medical treatment and will help medical researchers and practitioners.