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Safety is one of the most essential key procedures in Emirates and any other aviation company. In cargo sector, there are several systems and regulations at the company to ensure safety and the structures must be secured.
The organization is facing some challenges in ensuring that some risks do not occur at their vicinity so at the cargo sector as some might occur. However, Some of the suggestions that could be done to improve on the cargo sector at Emirates Airport in the future:

• Permanent bag tag – this is a type of tag that is reusable tag using RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) or/and NFC (Near Field Communication) technologies. It’s designed for the purpose of replacing the old-fashioned paper-bag tag. The use of these permanent bag tags will provide a system with data integrity, which it has never had before. IATA has been developing the Vanguard ID System solutions for ten years, with company meeting with sixteen most important airlines, and an ultimate design for View Tag was decided. This tag makes use of the RFID and NFC technologies for changing the displays on the screen and allowing the owner to view the tag at in range of up to 50 feet (15meters) of distance.

• Passengers should receive notice warnings of any dangerous goods at the airport. These are the products that are not allowed to be on board the aircraft carriage. The notice should be clearly shown either in ticket issuing area or check in area or any other convenient location. This is a requirement that should be placed in clear areas.

• Other ways in which passengers can be advised of forbidden dangerous goods should also be put in place, for example, demonstration cabinets showing forbidden dangerous goods like videos displayed the same goods played at different airport areas (such as when a passenger is awaiting security screening), and the company website containing details on what the passengers are allowed and not allowed to bring along. Proper training of the employees on how to handle such dangerous goods when they come across them is also advisable.

• In case of any occurrence of a natural disaster such as earthquakes, hurricanes, among others, airports mostly grow into being the key places in which individuals who are terrified look for a passage out and also it is where arriving aids are organized and disseminated. The high relief goods volume and persons, together with the general disaster burden can be too much to handle for the airport, mostly considering that less airports are equipped for such cases. To avoid frustrations or delays in time of disasters, the airport should employ some measures to ensure an effective channeling of relief effort to the communities and areas affected. This requires a proper capability of infrastructure and administrative procedures, which are efficient. In addition to installing capable infrastructure for times of natural disasters, workshops would be important, as it would result to follow up activity series comprising of an action plan that is essential in ensuring that Emirates staff is ready of any possible emergency.

• Although the chances of occurrence of cases of mislabeling in the Emirates cargo sector are low, there is still some probability of its occurrence and in absence of improvement of aspects in SPP administration, the Transport Security Administration escalates the risk of mislabeling even in the process of screening.

• Injuries at the cargo sector at Emirates is a risk that has a high chance of happening, this includes injuries such as wet floor accidents, tripping and falling accidents, baggage-related injuries, pedestrians accidents, among others. Injury preventions form a key unit of the Emirates airport operations human factors. The cause for the injury is comparable to the one contributing to the damage of the equipment and aircraft. Therefore, the prevention of one injury helps in the prevention of the other. The most injuries are experienced by freight and baggage handlers in times of operations in the airport. Handling and stacking baggage is the main cause of injuries to the baggage handlers. To ensure the prevention of injuries at Emirates, the airport can employ some measures that will improve the cabin and flight decks design for especially large aircrafts. There should also be some improvements in that the baggage handlers’ workspace should be increased so as to reduce the risk of injury. Most recent passenger aircrafts have narrow baggage compartments leading to the baggage handler encountering problems of manual handling (movement of baggage such as stacking, loading, and baggage unloading).

• Some of the solutions that could be done to improve on the cargo sector at Emirates Airport in the case of baggage loss include: permanent bag tag (reusable that use RFID and NFC), home printed bag tag, and improved lost luggage reporting and processing.

• Training of the Safety Management System would make sure that every employee appropriately receives training on the ways of using and utilizing every safety management systems aspect. Safety training in an annual basis for every employee is also essential including the ways of performing analysis of root cause, awareness of the staff on investigating accidents in the aircraft, reports, and tracking hazards and constantly performing risk analysis and assessment.

The risk assessment deficiencies are remediable by applying the appropriate strategies especially after there is a change to the company, procedures, environment, or even the present risk level changes. In turn, organization policy may change or new procedures could be created due to risk assessment. The good news is systems in airports are undergoing improvements, by degrees, for having future solutions to avoid the risks that might happen in cargo sector.

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