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Nowadays, there is a strong concern about environmental activities and how they are affecting the planet. The approach of different methods to fight against pollution is a current conversation in daily life to make the planet a better and healthier place to live. Solar and wind energy are becoming popular in some countries to try to alleviate the impact of the human footprint on the earth. However, people have to see what kind of system is better in their location because solar and wind energy work differently. Solar energy and wind energy are two eco-friendly systems to generate electricity that allow people to have more than one option when choosing their preferred system, and both alternative energy sources have advantages and disadvantages that fit better with the people’s necessities depending on their liking.
Solar and wind energy have a couple of interesting advantages that could be attractive to customers and less harmful to the earth. Solar energy is a source that while the sun maintains its existence it will generate all the energy that people need. It is a cyclic process where not just people are benefitting, but the earth as well. While oil and fossil fuels have been used as conventional methods of electricity causing a problem for the environment, solar energy does not affect nature because its systems do not need those toxic liquids (Various advantages, 2018). The way that this system works is by solar panels. The solar panels convert sunlight into the electric charge direct current (DC) to alternative current (AC) which electrifies homes (Alternating Current, 2018). Due to the powerful sunlight, the system can generate more energy than people need, so people can reduce their electricity bills because the system saves the energy and acts like a reserve that can be useful when necessary. Wind energy creates energy by the air when it flows through the earth. With a generator called turbines, it creates electricity. When the air passes a turbine, it rotates converting the wind into energy. The turbines will begin to create electricity when air speeds achieve approximately 6-9 miles per hour (Wind 101, 2018). Wind turbines do not pollute the air in comparison to power plants. It is a clean source and does not produce gasses emissions (Wind 101,2018).
The disadvantages of these sources are things that experts in this field could work on to improve their use and make them more desirable. Solar energy demands too much space, and people are questioning the cosmetics because some of them do not like the way that the solar panels are designed, and they are worried about the impact that the design could have on their houses. Wind energy could be a threat to wildlife because of the space that this source requires to be able to work efficiently. Some species that could be affected by this system of energy are the birds and eagles. Their nature is flying in the sky, and they could collide against the turbines causing their immediate death because of the speed.
Another important detail that people must look at is the way they will maintain these systems to make them work aptly. The cost of maintenance of solar panels is an average of $10.00-$20.00 per panel, and the annual examination is approximately $150.00 (Blanch, 2018). With the results that means that as long as their houses are big, the cost of maintenance will also be high because more panels are required. The cost of maintenance of wind energy is around 20-25 percent of the cost per kWh(Blanch,2018). Corporations are trying to lower these costs to gain customers attention and develop a technology that does not require too much inspection. The reliability of solar energy depends on the weather. If the days are sunny, people could have electricity even at night because the sunlight could produce more energy than necessary, and it acts as a backup source of energy. What people need to know is that solar panels do not work during the night and could not be so effective during the winter. They might need other sources in combination to cover the demand of energy that they need. The same occurs with the wind system. The wind could be infrequent, and people have to think about second options when these things occur.
The advantages, disadvantages and the maintenance of wind and solar energy are concerning topics that people have when they are going to choose an alternative method of energy. The given points make clear the definition and provide a better picture of these sources. The purpose of these systems is using the potential of natural resources conveniently for people and also for the environment without causing too much damage and pollution in nature.

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