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Before comparing and evaluating Beowulf, Nibelungen, King Arthur, Sir Gawain and Green Night and the Song of Roland, we need to focus on what chivalric romance and knighthood are. It is easily described that both of them are associated with each other, and so we can say that there is no way chivalric romance is formed without knighthood and bravery. Chivalric romance is a literature genre of prose or verse and also it is described as adventures of legendary knights who have some heroic qualities such as courage, loyalty, honor and humility which are civilized behaviors and also it includes courtly love. As for Knighthood, we can say that it is a term which requires these moral behaviors and it consists of chivalric codes.
Beowulf shows knighthood which is one of elements of the chivalric romance by fighting with Grendel for helping Hrotgar. This is a great example of chivalry and knighthood. In Beowulf, the monsters can be described as figures which have a symbolic meaning. For example, Grendel may seem to be Cain, a biblical figure, who killed his own brother so Grendel may be represented the evil disturbing and killing others. Fighting with a dragon Beowulf sacrificed himself for people. The dragon which is a common Christian figure of sin may represent a malignancy that proves Beowulf’s courage and goodness. Another motif in Beowulf is the Mead-Hall where is a cultural place providing food and drink, light and warmth, and revelry and this is also place Beowulf spends night. This cultural place or institution represents a safe zone for warriors returning from battle and also it may be described as place of community where traditions were preserved and it affects the oral tradition because, in that place, stories were told and reputations were spread.
As to Sir Gawain; he accepts the challenge of Green Night to prove his courage just like Beowulf. Both of them keep their promises by questing and fighting with monsters and both show a valor. All of these are not for gold, money, profit or any wishes. They fight for glory and fame. When we look at the differences between Beowulf and Sir Gawain, we can compare their beliefs and social status. But, like in Beowulf, there are also some motifs and symbols in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight.

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